What can we say about words and their metaphysical nature?

The research about words has tended to focus on their linguistic and semantic properties. By contrast, metaphysical reflections about words are deemed to be insufficient. In this conference, we aim to investigate the metaphysical nature of words with:

Prof. Brian Epstein (Tufts University)

Here is a list of papers on the subject:

MacIver, A. M. (1937). Token, type and meaning. In: “Analysis”, 4 (4): 58-64.

Quine, W. V. O. (1987). Type versus Token, in his Quiddities: an Intermittently Philosophical Dictionary. Harvard: Harvard University Press.

Bromberger, S. (1989). Types and Tokens in Linguistics. Reflections on Chomsky. Ed. George, A. Oxford: Blackwell, 58-88.

Kaplan, D. (1990). Words. In: “Proceedings of the Aristotelian society”, supplementary volumes, 64: 93-119.

McCulloch, G. (1991). Making Sense of Words. In: “Analysis”, 73-79.

Wetzel, L. (1993). What are occurrences of expressions? In: “Journal of Philosophical Logic”, 22: 215-220.

Cappelen, H. (1999). Intentions in Words. In: “Nous”, 33 (1): 92-102.

Szabò, Z. G. (1999). Expressions and their representation. In: “The Philosophical Quarterly”, 49 (195): 145-163.

Wetzel, A. (2002). On types and words. In: “Journal of philosophical research”, 27: 239-265.

Alward, P. (2005). Between the Lines of Age: Reflections on the Metaphysics of Words. In: “Pacific Philosophical Quarterly”, 86: 72-187.

Epstein, B. (2009). Grounds, Convention, and the Metaphysics of Linguistic Tokens. In: “Croatian Journal of Philosophy” 9 (25): 1-33.

Hawthorne, J. and Lepore, E. (2011). On words. In: “The Journal of Philosophy”, 108 (9): 447-485.

Kaplan, D. (2011). Words on words. In: “The Journal of Philosophy”, 108 (9): 504-529.

Bromberger, S. (2011). What are words? Comments on Kaplan (1990), on Hawthorne and Lepore, and on the issue. In: “The Journal of Philosophy”, 108 (9): 486-503.

Gasparri, L. (2016). Originalism about word types. In: “Thought”, 5: 126-133

Irmak, N. (2018). An ontology of words. In: “Erkenntnis”. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10670-018-0001-0

Balletta, S. (2019). The metaphysics of words. In: “Theoria”, 85 (1), 31-48

Nefdt, R. M. (2019). The ontology of words: a structural approach. In: “Inquiry” (forthcoming).